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Asthma Nursing Care Plan
Nursing Diagnosis for Asthma
- Impaired gas exchange related to Altered oxygen supply obstruction of airways by secretions, bronchospasm, air-trapping Alveoli destruction
- Ineffective airway clearance related to obstruction from narrowed lumen and thick mucus
- Imbalanced Nutrition: Less than Body Requirements related to Dyspnea, sputum production Medication side effects; anorexia, nausea or vomiting
- Ineffective breathing pattern
- Deficient knowledge (treatment regimen, self-care, and discharge needs)
Nursing Interventions for Asthma
- Evaluate respiratory rate/depth and breath sounds.
- Assist client to maintain a comfortable position.
- Keep environmental free from sources of allergen such as dust, smoke, and feather pillows to a minimum according to individual situation.
- Encourage/instruct in deep-breathing and directed coughing exercises
- monitor skin and mucous membrane color.
- Monitor vital signs
- Encourage adequate rest and limit activities to within client tolerance.
- Monitor and graph serial ABGs and pulse oximetry.
- Administer medications as indicated